Edison, Georgia

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Edison, Georgia
Edison City Hall
Edison City Hall
Location in Calhoun County and the state of Georgia
Location in Calhoun County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°33′39″N 84°44′17″W / 31.56083°N 84.73806°W / 31.56083; -84.73806Coordinates: 31°33′39″N 84°44′17″W / 31.56083°N 84.73806°W / 31.56083; -84.73806
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyCalhoun
Area
 • Total2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)
 • Land2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
292 ft (89 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,230
 • Density525.64/sq mi (202.93/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
31746, 39846
Area code(s)229
FIPS code13-26448[2]
GNIS feature ID0355643[3]

Edison is a city in Calhoun County, Georgia, United States. Per the 2020 census, the population was 1,230.[4] The Edison Commercial Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

The Georgia General Assembly incorporated the place in 1902 as the "Town of Edison".[5] The community was named after Thomas Edison (1847–1931), American inventor.[6]

Geography[edit]

Edison is located in northwestern Calhoun County at 31°33′39″N 84°44′17″W / 31.56083°N 84.73806°W / 31.56083; -84.73806 (31.560891, -84.737984).[7] It is 40 miles (64 km) west of Albany and 20 miles (32 km) east of the Alabama line at Fort Gaines.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Edison has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.1 km2), all land.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910841
19208855.2%
19301,32149.3%
19401,241−6.1%
19501,2470.5%
19601,232−1.2%
19701,210−1.8%
19801,128−6.8%
19901,1824.8%
20001,34013.4%
20101,53114.3%
20201,230−19.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census[edit]

Edison city, Georgia – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 459 266 29.98% 21.63%
Black or African American alone (NH) 975 894 63.68% 72.68%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 1 0 0.07% 0.00%
Asian alone (NH) 16 4 1.05% 0.33%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 14 17 0.91% 1.38%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 66 49 4.31% 3.98%
Total 1,531 1,230 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,340 people, 512 households, and 334 families residing in the city. The population density was 575.9 people per square mile (222.1/km2). There were 584 housing units at an average density of 251.0 per square mile (96.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 31.94% White, 67.69% African American, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.

There were 512 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 28.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 74.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 62.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,191, and the median income for a family was $23,839. Males had a median income of $22,500 versus $15,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,409. About 31.2% of families and 34.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.9% of those under age 18 and 24.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Calhoun County School System includes Calhoun County High School-Middle School,[12][13] which serves Calhoun County and some students from the cities of Arlington, Edison, Leary, and Morgan. Calhoun County Elementary School is in Arlington.

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Edison city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  5. ^ Acts Passed by the General Assembly of Georgia. J. Johnston. 1903. p. 414.
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Edison city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  9. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Edison city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Edison city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ Calhoun County School System
  13. ^ http://www.calhoun.k12.ga.us/pages/calhouncounty/Schools[dead link]

Further reading[edit]

  • Martha Hoover Dozier, Against Oblivion: History of Calhoun County