Manohar Gajanan Joshi (born 2 December 1937) is a prominent politician from the state of Maharashtra. He was the Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1995 to 1999. He was Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2002 to 2004. He is one of the prominent leaders of the Shiv Sena. He is also second Indian to be elected to all of the four legislatures.
Background and family
Joshi was born on 2 December 1937 in the Marathi-speaking Brahmin family of Gajanan Krishna Joshi and Saraswati Gajanan in Nandavi of Raigad district in Maharashtra. He received his Masters of Arts and LLB degrees from Mumbai University. He married Anagha Joshi on 14 May 1964, with whom has a son, Unmesh, and two daughters, Asmita and Namrata. His granddaughter, Sharvari Wagh, made her debut as an actress with the 2021 film Bunty Aur Babli 2.
Formation of Kohinoor
After MA in law he joined Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) as an officer, but later started the Kohinoor technical/vocational training institute with the idea of an institute for semi–skilled youths to offer training as electrician, plumber, TV/radio/scooter repairman, photography. Eventually, he started multiple branches of Kohinoor in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, etc., and later he made an entry in construction and another capital-oriented business.
He began his career by being elected to the Legislative Council from the Shiv Sena. He served three terms from 1972 till 1989. He became the Mayor of Mumbai during 1976 to 1977. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly from a Shiv Sena ticket in 1990.
He became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Maharashtra when the Shiv Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) coalition came to power in 1995. Technically, Sharad Pawar led the first non-Congress government in Maharashtra in 1978 as a member of Indian National Congress (Socialist).
Controversy and resignation
Joshi and Bal Thackeray were explicitly named for inciting the Shivsainiks to violence against Muslims during the 1992–1993 riots in an inquiry ordered by the government of India, the Srikrishna Commission Report. However, Joshi, then a part of the BJP-Sena government called the report "anti-Hindu, pro-Muslim and biased" and refused to adopt the commission's recommendations.
As Chief Minister, he had permitted the release of a plot of land in Pune, reserved for a school, to a builder with ties to his son-in-law, Girish Vyas. A housing complex, named Sundew, was built on that land by Vyas in 1998. Sustained legal efforts by Vijay Kumbhar, an RTI activist from Pune, led to Joshi's resignation in January 2009. In March 2009, Bombay High Court passed a verdict calling the housing complex illegal. The Supreme Court of India upheld the verdict in 2011 and fined Joshi Rs 15,000. Following its order, the building is now being used for a school.
Lok Sabha and Speaker
He was promoted to the Lok Sabha when he won from Central Mumbai in the 1999 General Elections. He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2002 to 2004 during the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) administration.
He was elected for a six-year term to the Rajya Sabha on 20 March 2006 after being defeated in the previous Lok Sabha election from the Central Mumbai constituency.
- "Members Profile - Joshi, Shri Manohar". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
- Joshi, Manohar (18 November 2012). "Balasaheb Thackeray stood behind his men like a mountain". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "अनघा मनोहर जोशी यांचे अल्पशा आजाराने निधन". TV9 Marathi (in Marathi). 3 August 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
- "Did you know Bunty Aur Babli actress is Manohar Joshi's granddaughter?". Mid Day. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
- "Former Speakers". Office of the Speaker of Lok Sabha, New Delhi. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Ananth, Venkat (28 October 2014). "A brief history of Maharashtra's chief ministers". mint. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
- "The Shiv Sena indicted". Frontlineonnet.com. Archived from the original on 28 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
The Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party Government in Maharashtra has rejected the core of the report, which was presented before the two Houses of the legislature on August 6 along with a memorandum of action to be taken thereon. The Action Taken Report (ATR), seeks to establish that the report is one-sided. Going further, Chief Minister Manohar Joshi termed the report "anti-Hindu, pro-Muslim and biased."
- Smita Narula (1999). Broken People: Caste Violence Against India's "untouchables". Human Rights Watch. ISBN 1564322289.
The reports findings were presented to the government of Maharashtra on February 16, 1998, more than five years after the riots took place. The report determined that the riots were the result of a deliberate and systematic effort to incite violence against Muslims and singled out Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray and Chief Minister Manohar Joshi as responsible. The Shiv Sena-BJP government, however, refused to adopt the commission's recommendations and instead labeled the report anti-Hindu.
- "Hand over Sundew Apartment or let PMC raze it: SC to Vyas Construction - Indian Express". Indian Express. 13 October 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- "Victory for RTI activist in battle against former CM's son-in-law". mid-day. 13 October 2011.
- "Pune land controversy back to haunt Shiv Sena". Hindustan Times. 13 October 2011.
- "Civic body starts school at Sundew apartments". The Times of India. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
- "Arjun, Bhardwaj, Shinde elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha". Tribuneindia.com. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2020.